Somalia is a country in Eastern Africa, located on the Horn of Africa. Its national capital is Mogadishu. The country has land borders with Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya and is bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. Somalia covers a land area of 637,657 square kilometers. As of 2022, the country had an estimated population of around 17,6 million people. Somalia is regarded as one of the most fragile and least developed states in the world.
The humanitarian situation
People in Somalia are facing one of the most complex humanitarian crises in the world. The crisis is driven by conflict, political instability, food insecurity, climatic shocks and economic decline. Even worse, the humanitarian crisis in Somalia continues to deteriorate. A devastating drought in the country has reached unprecedented levels this year. Four consecutive rainy seasons have failed, a climatic event not seen in at least 40 years. Somalia has declared a state of humanitarian emergency as drought ravages the country.
The drought has devastated the lives and livelihoods of the most vulnerable and marginalized people. Acute malnutrition in children is on the rise. A total of 1.8 million children face acute malnutrition; 513,550 of these children face severe malnutrition and may be at risk of dying without immediate treatment.
An estimated 3 million Somalis are internally displaced, and about 700,000 people have fled to neighboring countries. In 2022, more than 755,000 people in Somalia have been forced to flee from their homes due to severe drought, bringing the total to 1 million displaced people since January 2021, when the drought began.
Almost 8 million people — nearly 50 per cent of the population — are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance or humanitarian protection. Without sustained humanitarian help, the number of people facing acute food insecurity is likely to increase. The number of people facing crisis hunger levels in Somalia is expected to rise from some 5 million to approximately 6.7 million people between October and December 2022.
The situation is worsened by the effects of rising food prices because of the conflict in Ukraine. More than 300,000 people are facing catastrophic hunger, unless urgent support is provided.
The security situation
Widespread violence and population displacement have adversely affected Somalia since 1991. The current conflict — primarily related to attacks of the al-Shabaab (AS) militia and subsequent military operations, as well as intercommunal violence — continues to restrict economic activities while contributing to further population displacement and food insecurity. Attacks against civilians and aid workers also disrupt livelihoods and hinder humanitarian response activities, particularly in areas that lack established local authorities and where al-Shabaab militia is present. U.N. agencies in the country say their efforts to reach those affected are limited mainly by a lack of funding and access due to conflict in some areas.
Your donation for the Somalia emergency can help United Nations agencies, international humanitarian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and their local partners to rapidly provide water, food, medicine, shelter and other aid to the people who need it most.
- UN Crisis Relief: Somalia crisis
- World Food Programme: Somalia emergency
Currently, many NGOs and UN agencies are appealing for the Horn of Africa hunger crisis or the global hunger crisis. You may also consider making an unearmarked donation or a broader earmarked donation.
- UNHCR: Horn of Africa drought emergency
- Save the Children US: Horn of Africa Climate Crisis https://www.savethechildren.org/us/what-we-do/emergency-response/horn-of-africa-climate-crisis
- Oxfam International: Climate and food crisis in East and Central Africa
- Plan International: Hunger Crisis Appeal
- Action Against Hunger: Overall Emergency Relief 2022
- ACAPS: Somalia Complex crisis
- USA for UNHCR: Somalia Refugee Crisis Explained
- International Crisis Group: Somalia
- UN OCHA: Somalia
- European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations: Somalia