Yemen is a state in Western Asia, in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. Its national capital is Sanaa. The country has land borders with Saudi Arabia and Oman and shares maritime borders with Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. Yemen covers an area of 527,968 square kilometers. In 2022, the country had an estimated population of about 31 million people. Currently Yemen is considered the most unstable state in the world.
The humanitarian situation
More than seven years of armed conflict in Yemen have caused tens of thousands of civilian casualties and forced millions to flee their homes, making Yemen one of the world’s largest humanitarian crises, for many still the world‘s worst humanitarian crisis. More than 10,000 children have been killed or maimed since the beginning of the conflict, and thousands more have been recruited as child soldiers.
The war in Yemen turned a formerly poor country into a humanitarian catastrophe. Nearly 6 million people have been forced to flee their homes since the beginning of the civil war in 2015. 4.3 million people are internally displaced inside Yemen, among them an estimated 2 million children. The current level of hunger in Yemen is unprecedented. The rate of child malnutrition is one of the highest in the world and the nutrition situation continues to deteriorate. The number of people requiring humanitarian assistance increased from 20.7 million in 2021 to 23.4 million in 2022. Among them are 12.9 million children in dire need of humanitarian aid.
The United Nations have appealed for 4,27 billion US Dollar in funding for the Yemen Crisis this year. As of October 2022, only 2,05 billion have been received from donors (48% coverage).
The security situation
The conflict between a Saudi-led coalition of Gulf countries and the ousted Government of Yemen against the Ansar-Allah movement - also known as the Houthi rebels - escalated in 2015 as Saudi Arabia began airstrikes against the Houthi and Houthi-affiliated forces. Military support by the United States, the United Kingdom and France for the coalition fueled the conflict and aggravated the humanitarian crisis. The Houthi movement is allegedly supported by Iran. The protracted armed conflict in Yemen has been raging for more than seven consecutive years. In 2020 and 2021, fighting continued on the ground in Yemen as the Houthi gained territory, and also conducted unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and missile attacks against targets in Saudi Arabia.
In March 2022, the Saudi-led coalition announced that it would cease all hostilities within Yemen, in order to facilitate political talks and peacekeeping efforts. Peace efforts gained momentum in April 2022, when the Houthi and coalition forces coordinated a two-month truce, the first nationwide cease-fire in years. In June 2002 the parties to the conflict in Yemen agreed to a United Nations’ proposal to renew the truce for an additional two months. At the last minute, in early August, the warring parties extended the cease-fire again for two months (until October 2). There was great hope that this would lead to a lasting peace in Yemen. But after it expired, the ceasefire has so far neither been extended nor expanded.
Your donation for the Yemen emergency can help United Nations agencies, international humanitarian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and their local partners to rapidly provide water, food, medicine, shelter and other aid to the people who need it most.
- UN Crisis Relief: Yemen crisis
- World Food Programme: Yemen crisis appeal
- UNICEF: Yemen Crisis Appeal
- Oxfam International: Crisis in Yemen
- Save the children international: Yemen Crisis Appeal
- Islamic Relief Worldwide: Yemen crisis
- UNHCR: Yemen emergency
- You can find more organizations to donate to in: DONARE: Humanitarian Crisis Relief , DONARE: Refugees and IDPS , DONARE: Children in Need and DONARE: Hunger and Food Insecurity.
- Council on Foreign Relations: Background Yemen Crisis
- USA for UNHCR: Yemen Crisis Explained
- International Crisis Group: Yemen